Viral gastroenteritis outbreaks in Europe, 1995-2000

Ben A. Lopman*, Mark H. Reacher, Yvonne Van Duijnhoven, François Xavier Hanon, David Brown, Marion Koopmans

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

271 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To gain understanding of surveillance and epidemiology of viral gastroenteritis outbreaks in Europe, we compiled data from 10 surveillance systems in the Foodborne Viruses in Europe network. Established surveillance systems found Norovirus to be responsible for >85% (N=3,714) of all nonbacterial outbreaks of gastroenteritis reported from 1995 to 2000. However, the absolute number and population-based rates of viral gastroenteritis outbreaks differed markedly among European surveillance systems. A wide range of estimates of the importance of foodborne transmission were also found. We review these differences within the context of the sources of outbreak surveillance information, clinical definitions, and structures of the outbreak surveillance systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-96
Number of pages7
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2003

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