Variation in stakeholder opinion on countermeasures across Europe

A. F. Nisbet*, J. A. Mercer, A. Rantavaara, R. Hanninen, C. Vandecasteele, F. Hardeman, K. G. Ioannides, C. Tzialla, H. Ollagnon, V. Pupin, T. Jullien

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


A compendium of agricultural countermeasures and rural waste disposal options has been compiled as part of the EC STRATEGY (Sustainable Restoration and Long-Term Management of Contaminated Rural, Urban and Industrial Ecosystems) project. The compendium was discussed by the FARMING (Food and Agriculture Restoration Management Involving Networked Groups) network of stakeholders during meetings of national panels in the UK, Finland, Belgium, Greece and France in 2002. Their preliminary feedback has been summarised in terms of whether an option is generally acceptable, unacceptable or only acceptable under specific circumstances. A considerable divergence of opinion between national panels was apparent for many of the options considered. This could be attributed to differences in geomorphology, climate, land management, infrastructure, consumer confidence, sociopolitical context and culture. Where consensus was reached between stakeholders it was generally for those countermeasures that provide public reassurance, sustain farming practices and minimise environmental impact. Furthermore, whilst there was general agreement that contaminated food should not enter the food chain, many of the options proposed for its subsequent management were not generally acceptable to stakeholders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-381
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Environmental Radioactivity
Issue number3 SPEC. ISS.
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This paper would not have been possible without the constructive feedback from all stakeholders participating in the FARMING network. The authors gratefully acknowledge their contribution to the project. The work was funded by the European Commission Fifth Framework Programme (Nuclear Fission, Radiation Protection) under Contract No: FIKR-CT-2000-20064. The information provided is the sole responsibility of the authors and does not reflect the Commission's opinion. Furthermore, the Commission is not responsible for any use that might be made of the information appearing in this paper.

Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Agricultural countermeasures
  • Food chain
  • Radioactive contamination
  • Stakeholders


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