Hantaan virus is the causative agent of severe hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome. Clinical surveillance for Hantaan virus infection is unreliable, and laboratory verification is essential. The detection of virus-specific immunoglobulin M (IgM) and IgG in serum is most commonly used for the diagnosis of hantavirus infection. Testing of oral fluid samples instead of serum offers many advantages for surveillance. However, commercial tests for hantavirus-specific antibodies are unavailable. For the detection of Hantaan virus in the oral fluid of humans, we have developed a monoclonal antibody-based capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent IgM assay (IgM capture ELISA) and indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent IgG and IgM assays (indirect IgG and IgM ELISAs) for paired serum and oral fluid samples using the Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast-expressed nucleocapsid protein of the Hantaan-Fojnica virus. The sensitivity and specificity of the oral fluid IgM capture ELISA in comparison with the results of the serum Hantaan virus IgM assay were 96.7% and of 94.9%, respectively. Thus, data on the overall performance of the oral fluid IgM capture ELISA are in close agreement with those of the serum IgM assay, and the method exhibits the potential to serve as an easily transferable tool for large-scale epidemiological studies. Data on the indirect IgM ELISA also showed close agreement with the serum IgM assay data; however, the indirect IgG ELISA displayed a lower sensitivity and a lower specificity. In conclusion, the IgM capture ELISA can be used with oral fluid instead of serum samples for the diagnosis of Hantaan virus infection.