The influence of age, comorbidity and frailty on treatment with surgery and systemic therapy in older women with operable triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) in England: A population-based cohort study

Yasmin Jauhari*, David Dodwell, Melissa Ruth Gannon, Kieran Horgan, Karen Baker, Jibby Medina, David Alan Cromwell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Surgery and chemotherapy use were studied among older women with early stage triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) in a population-based cohort. Methods: Women aged ≥50 years with unilateral early (stage 1-3a) TNBC diagnosed in 2014–2017 were identified from English cancer registration data. Information on surgery and chemotherapy was from linked Hospital Episode Statistics and Systemic Anti-Cancer Therapy datasets, respectively. Logistic regression was used to investigate the influences of patient age, comorbidity and frailty on uptake of surgery and chemotherapy. Results: There were 7094 women with early stage TNBC. Overall rate of surgery was 94%, which only decreased among women aged ≥85 years (74%) and among the most frail. Among the 6681 women receiving surgery, 16% had neoadjuvant and 42% had adjuvant chemotherapy; the use of both decreased with age. More comorbidities and greater frailty were associated with lower rates of chemotherapy. There were differences in the uptake of chemotherapy across geographical regions and in the neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy regimens between age groups. Conclusion: Majority of older women with early TNBC had surgery, although some physically fit older women did not. Chemotherapy use varied by age and fitness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-260
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
David Dodwell also receives funding from Cancer Research UK (grant C8225/A21133 ), a cancer research and awareness charity in the United Kingdom .

Funding Information:
This study was undertaken as part of the work by the National Audit of Breast Cancer in Older Patients. The Audit is commissioned by the Healthcare Quality Improvement Partnership (HQIP) as part of the National Clinical Audit and Patient Outcomes Programme, and funded by NHS England and the Welsh Government ( www.hqip.org.uk/national-programmes ). Neither HQIP nor the funders had any involvement in the study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the article for publication. The authors had full independence from the Healthcare Quality Improvement Partnership.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Geriatric oncology
  • Surgery
  • Triple negative breast cancer

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