The impact of mode of acquisition on biological markers of paediatric hepatitis C virus infection

K. England*, C. Thorne, H. Harris, M. Ramsay, M. L. Newell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite the introduction of blood donor screening, worldwide, children continue to become infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) via un-sterile medical injections, receipt of unscreened blood and isolated hospital contamination outbreaks. It is plausible that the natural history and disease progression in these children might differ from that of their vertically infected counterparts. Vertically and parenterally HCV-infected children were prospectively followed within the European Paediatric HCV Network and the UK National HCV Register, respectively. Biological profiles were compared. Vertically and parenterally HCV-infected children differed in terms of some key characteristics including the male to female ratio and the proportion of children receiving therapy. Parenterally infected children were more likely to have at least one hepatomegaly event during follow-up, 20%vs 10%. Parenteral infection did not significantly affect the odds of being consistently viraemic (AOR 1.14, P = 0.703) and there was no significant difference in the odds of having consistently elevated ALT levels and mode of acquisition (AOR 0.83, P = 0.748). The proportion of children with 2 or more markers of HCV infection did not differ significantly by mode of acquisition (χ2 1.13, P = 0.288). This analysis does not support substantial differences between vertically and parenterally infected groups, but there are specific mechanisms identified requiring further investigation. Given the continued parenteral infection of children worldwide, it is vital that knowledge of disease progression in this group is accurate and that the differences in comparison with vertically infected children are clarified to inform more accurate and individualized clinical management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)533-541
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Viral Hepatitis
Volume18
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

Keywords

  • biological markers
  • children
  • hepatitis C virus
  • mode of acquisition

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The impact of mode of acquisition on biological markers of paediatric hepatitis C virus infection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this