The Great East Japan earthquake, Tsunamis, and Fukushima daiichi nuclear power plant disaster: Lessons for evidence integration from a WADEM 2017 presentation and panel discussion

Claire Leppold*, Sae Ochi, Shuhei Nomura, Virginia Murray

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In April 2017, some of the health impacts of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake, tsunamis, and resultant Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant disaster (Okuma, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan) were presented at the 19th Congress of the World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine (WADEM; Madison, Wisconsin USA) in Toronto, Canada. A panel discussion was then opened by asking audience members about their experiences in their own countries, and how they would suggest taking steps to reach the goals of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030. This paper summarizes the presentation and panel discussion, with a particular focus on the common problems identified in understanding and reducing health risks from disasters in multiple countries, such as the ethical and practical difficulties in decision making on evacuating vulnerable populations that arose similarly during the Fukushima nuclear disaster in 2011 and Hurricane Ike's approach to Galveston (Texas USA) in 2008. This paper also highlights the need for greater integration of research, for example through increased review and collation of evidence from different disaster settings to identify common problems and possible solutions, which was identified in this panel session as a precursor to fulfilling the goals of the Sendai Framework. Leppold C, Ochi S, Nomura S, Murray V. The Great East Japan Earthquake, tsunamis, and Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant disaster: Lessons for evidence integration from a WADEM 2017 presentation and panel discussion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)424-427
Number of pages4
JournalPrehospital and Disaster Medicine
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Leppold Claire MSc 1 2 Ochi Sae MD, MPH, PhD 3 4 Nomura Shuhei MSc 5 6 Murray Virginia FRCP 7 8 1 Global Public Health Unit, School of Social and Political Science, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh , United Kingdom 2 Department of Research, Minamisoma Municipal General Hospital, Minamisoma , Japan 3 Department of Laboratory Medicine, Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo , Japan 4 Department of Internal Medicine, Soma Central Hospital, Soma , Japan 5 Department of Global Health Policy, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo , Japan 6 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London , United Kingdom 7 Public Health England, London , United Kingdom 8 Integrated Research on Disaster Risk Scientific Committee Member, Beijing , China Correspondence: Claire Leppold, MSc Global Public Health Unit School of Social and Political Science University of Edinburgh Edinburgh, United Kingdom E-mail: Claire.Leppold@ed.ac.uk Conflicts of interest/funding: This conference session and follow-up report was partially supported by a Toyota Foundation (Tokyo, Japan) Grant (D15-R-0009). The funders had no role in the conference session and report design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. The authors declare no conflicts of interest. 02 07 2018 08 2018 33 4 424 427 14 10 2017 30 01 2018 15 02 2018 © World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine 2018  2018 World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine.

Keywords

  • Fukushima
  • Great East Japan Earthquake
  • nuclear disaster
  • tsunami

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