Objective- The chemokine CXCL16 serves as a scavenger receptor for oxidized low-density lipoprotein and as an adhesion molecule and chemoattractant for cells expressing the receptor CXCR6. A commonly occurring CXCL16 allele has been described containing 2 nonsynonymous single-nucleotide polymorphisms in complete linkage disequilibrium, although the effects on CXCL16 function are unknown. Here, we examined the effect of the single-nucleotide polymorphisms on CXCL16 function and assessed the association of the mutant allele with coronary heart disease (CHD). Methods and Results- Both wild-type and mutant T123V181-CXCL16 were readily expressed in vitro and were similarly functional in assays of oxidized low-density lipoprotein scavenging and chemotaxis. However, unlike wild-type CXCL16, T123V181-CXCL16 was unable to promote adhesion of CXCR6 cells. Findings were confirmed ex vivo, with monocytes from donors homozygous for the T123V181 allele unable to facilitate adhesion of CXCR6 transfectants. In the London Life Sciences Prospective Population cohort (n=2797), we found that the T123V181 allele was not associated with protection or susceptibility to CHD (adjusted odds ratio, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.95 to 1.10; P=0.74). Conclusion- CXCL16-mediated cell adhesion plays at best a modest role in CHD, and the scavenging and chemotactic properties of the chemokine are more likely to be more important in disease pathogenesis.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2011|
- adhesion molecules
- coronary heart disease
- vascular biology