The cost of diabetic foot ulcers and amputations to the National Health Service in England

M. Kerr*, E. Barron, P. Chadwick, Timothy Evans, W. M. Kong, G. Rayman, M. Sutton-Smith, G. Todd, B. Young, W. J. Jeffcoate

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

148 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: To estimate the healthcare costs of diabetic foot disease in England. Methods: Patient-level data sets at a national and local level, and evidence from clinical studies, were used to estimate the annual cost of health care for foot ulceration and amputation in people with diabetes in England in 2014–2015. Results: The cost of health care for ulceration and amputation in diabetes in 2014–2015 is estimated at between £837 million and £962 million; 0.8% to 0.9% of the National Health Service (NHS) budget for England. More than 90% of expenditure was related to ulceration, and 60% was for care in community, outpatient and primary settings. For inpatients, multiple regression analysis suggested that ulceration was associated with a length of stay 8.04 days longer (95% confidence interval 7.65 to 8.42) than that for diabetes admissions without ulceration. Conclusions: Diabetic foot care accounts for a substantial proportion of healthcare expenditure in England, more than the combined cost of breast, prostate and lung cancers. Much of this expenditure arises through prolonged and severe ulceration. If the NHS were to reduce the prevalence of diabetic foot ulcers in England by one-third, the gross annual saving would be more than £250 million. Diabetic foot ulceration is a large and growing problem globally, and it is likely that there is potential to improve outcomes and reduce expenditure in many countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)995-1002
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetic Medicine
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank Professor Graham Leese of Dundee University for estimates of the prevalence of foot ulceration in Scotland from an unpublished audit. We also thank Professor Ceri Phillips of Swansea University for provision of details from the data set related to Jeffcoate et?al.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Diabetes UK


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