Taxes and other fiscal measures on commodities that have a potential impact on health are in widespread use throughout the globe, and have been so for centuries. The motivation for such taxes has been more often linked to the fiscal revenues generated than to their potential public health benefits. However, especially in more recent times, an increased emphasis has been placed on the latter by many governments, as evidence emerged of the adverse public health, social and economic consequences of the consumption of certain commodities. An increasing number of governments are seeking to expand their use of fiscal measures to promote healthier behaviours, not only by increasing tax rates on commodities such as tobacco products and alcoholic beverages, but also by exploring the scope for taxing selected foods and non-alcoholic beverages as a way to make people’s diets healthier. A number of countries apply different tax rates to certain food categories, and some have specific taxes on foods high in salt, sugar or fat, and on sugary drinks. In only the past two years, countries such as Denmark, Hungary, Finland and France have introduced taxes on various foods and non-alcoholic beverages, and many more have been debating the possible use of similar measures.
|Title of host publication||Regulating Lifestyle Risks|
|Subtitle of host publication||The Eu, Alcohol, Tobacco and Unhealthy Diets|
|Publisher||Cambridge University Press|
|Number of pages||26|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2015|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© Cambridge University Press 2015.