Surveillance and epidemiology of norovirus infections

John P. Harris*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


    Norovirus is recognized as the leading cause of diarrheal disease in many countries. A study of the published literature shows that in the United Kingdom it is estimated to cause around 3 million cases each year (1). In the Netherlands, it has been estimated that norovirus is responsible for 11% of the 4.5 million diarrhea cases annually (2). In Canada, the estimated number of cases of gastrointestinal disease attributed to norovirus overall was a little over 3.3 million (3), accounting for 42% of gastrointestinal disease. A review by Hall et al. suggests that the number of people infected with norovirus in the United States is between 19 and 21 million each year (4). In the Southern Hemisphere, norovirus is the most common cause of gastrointestinal disease; one study from New Zealand suggests that norovirus was responsible for 26% of outbreaks, and in Australia norovirus causes the highest number of cases of gastrointestinal disease (5). A recent systematic review suggests that globally, norovirus is responsible for 20% of the burden of gastrointestinal disease (6).

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationMolecular Microbiology
    Subtitle of host publicationDiagnostic Principles and Practice
    Number of pages9
    ISBN (Electronic)9781683670797
    ISBN (Print)9781555819071
    Publication statusPublished - 27 Jan 2016

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2016 by ASM Press.


    • England
    • Genetic diversity
    • Laboratory report
    • Laboratory techniques
    • Molecular diagnostics
    • Norovirus detections
    • Norovirus epidemiology
    • Norovirus infections
    • Public health
    • Surveillance scheme


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