Social and occupational factors associated with psychological wellbeing among occupational groups affected by disaster: a systematic review

Samantha K. Brooks*, Rebecca Dunn, Richard Amlôt, G. James Rubin, Neil Greenberg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The psychological impact of disasters has been well-documented; less attention has been paid to factors affecting the wellbeing of those exposed to disasters as occupational groups. Aims: To conduct a systematic literature review identifying social and occupational factors affecting the wellbeing of disaster-exposed employees; to use these factors to identify recommendations for potential interventions. Method: Four electronic literature databases were searched; reference lists of relevant papers were hand-searched. Results: A total of 18 005 papers were found, 571 full texts were read and 36 included in the review. The psychological impact of disasters on employees was associated with pre-disaster factors (experience/training; income; life events/health; job satisfaction), peri-disaster factors (exposure; peri-traumatic experiences; perceptions of safety; injury), social factors (organisational support; social support generally) and post-disaster factors (impact on life). Conclusions: It is important to build a resilient workforce outside of a crisis. Pre-disaster training in recognising signs of distress, understanding vulnerability factors such as those described above, which may put certain employees at greater risk of distress and how to support colleagues may be useful. Further research into the effectiveness of post-disaster interventions is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-384
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Mental Health
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jul 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Keywords

  • Disaster
  • employees
  • mental health
  • psychological impact
  • risk factors
  • trauma

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Social and occupational factors associated with psychological wellbeing among occupational groups affected by disaster: a systematic review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this