Claire Jenkins*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Shigella species cause an estimated 167 million episodes of diarrhea worldwide and over a million deaths. S. sonnei is predominantly responsible for dysentery in developed countries but is replacing S. flexneri as a problem in the developing world. Foodborne outbreaks are often linked to salad items contaminated at the country of origin or by the food handler. Molecular techniques, such as the polymerase chain reaction and whole genome sequencing, have improved the detection of Shigella in fecal and food samples and facilitated outbreak investigations. Increasing antibiotic resistance is driving the search for a safe, effective vaccine.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Food and Health
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9780123849533
ISBN (Print)9780123849472
Publication statusPublished - 14 Sept 2015


  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Dysentery
  • Food handlers
  • Foodborne outbreaks: salad and raw vegetables
  • Hand washing
  • Invasive pathogen
  • Person-to-person spread
  • Polymerase chain reaction
  • Survival low pH and temperature
  • Whole genome sequencing


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