Risk of hepatitis A infection in sewage workers

Ruairí Brugha*, Julia Heptonstall, Paddy Farrington, Sheila Andren, Keith Perry, John Parry

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


Objective - To evaluate the risk of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection among sewage workers from occupational exposure to raw sewage. Methods - An analytical cross sectional study of 241 company employees with possible occupational exposure to sewage in a large water and sewerage company was carried out. Previous exposure to hepatitis A virus infection was assessed, as were its associations with possible risk factors. Results - Frequent occupational exposure to raw sewage was a significant risk factor for HAV infection, independently of other known risk factors (odds ratio 3.73, 95% confidence interval 1.48 to 9.37). Of 50 employees who reported occupational exposure to raw sewage most of the time, 30 (60%) had had HAV infection. Conclusion - Employees who are likely to be at risk of frequent exposure should have their immunity ensured. The salivary assay for IgG anti-HAV used in the study was highly specific and would be suitable for prevaccination testing of older employees, who are more likely to be immune.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)567-569
Number of pages3
JournalOccupational and Environmental Medicine
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1998


  • Hepatitis A
  • Sewage
  • Vaccination


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