Gonorrhea and chlamydia are important causes of pelvic inflammatory disease. Chlamydia also causes long-term sequelae, but the role of gonorrhea is unclear. We followed 300 000 reproductive-aged women for 10 years for ectopic pregnancy and tubal infertility; our findings suggest both infections confer similar increases in risk of these outcomes.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Financial support. This work was supported by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC; grant number APP1020628). B. L., J. S. H., B. D., J. W., R. G., and J. M. K. are supported by NHMRC fellowships.
© 2019 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved.
- ectopic pregnancy