Purpose: This study documents the frequency of insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) loss of imprinting (LOI) in a series of 87 bladder tissues. E-cadherin (CDH1) immunolocalization was also investigated due to the known redistribution of this adherence protein to the cytoplasm following exogenous exposure to IGF-II. Experimental Design: Informative IGF-II cases were identified following DNA-PCR amplification and subsequent sequencing of the transcribable ApaI RFLP in exon 9 of IGF-II. Similar approaches using primer-specific cDNA templates identified the imprinting status of IGF-II in these informative cases. CDH1 cellular localization was assessed on a tissue microarray platform of 114 urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) cases (70 pTa noninvasive and 44 pT1 lamina propria invasive) using the commercially available Novocastra antibody. Results: IGF-II LOI was evident in 7 of 17 (41%) UCB tumors and 4 of 11 (36%) tumor-associated normal urothelial samples. Two of four pT1 grade 3 tumors, the subject of much debate concerning their suitability for radical cystectomy, showed LOI at the IGF-II locus. In those tumors showing IGF-II LOI, 4 of 7 (57%) displayed concomitant CDH1 cytoplasmic staining. In contrast, only 3 of 10 (30%) IGF-II maintenance of imprinting tumors had concomitant CDH1 cytoplasmic localization. UCB cell lines displaying cytoplasmic CDH1 immunolocalization expressed significantly higher levels of IGF-II (CAL29, HT1376, and RT112) compared with RT4, a cell line displaying crisp membranous CDH1 staining. Finally, cytoplasmic CDH1 staining was an independent predictor of a shorter time to recurrence independent of tumor grade and stage. Conclusions: We suggest that CDH1 cytoplasmic immunolocalization as a result of increased IGF-II levels identifies those nonmuscle invasive presentations most likely to recur and therefore might benefit from more radical nonconserving bladder surgery.