Prospective clinical evaluation of the accuracy of 16S rRNA real-time PCR assay for the diagnosis of melioidosis

Narisara Chantratita, Vanaporn Wuthiekanun, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Aunchalee Thanwisai, Wasun Chantratita, Nicholas P.J. Day, Sharon J. Peacock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The accuracy of a Burkholderia pseudomallei 16s rRNA real-time PCR assay was evaluated against culture for the diagnosis of melioidosis in Thailand. A total of 846 samples were obtained from 383 patients with suspected melioidosis. One or more specimens were PCR positive for 47 of 77 patients with culture-proven melioidosis (sensitivity 61.0%, 95% CI: 49.2-72.0%). PCR was negative for all 306 patients who were culture negative for B. pseudomallei (specificity 100%, 95% CI: 98.8-100%). Diagnostic sensitivity of PCR was 22.7% for patients who were culture positive for blood only, compared with 79.4% for patients who were culture positive for samples other than blood. The median (interquartile range) B. pseudomallei colony count in blood for 44 of 77 patients with positive blood cultures was 2.4 CFU/ml (0.2-13.5 CFU/ml); this may explain the low sensitivity of PCR for this specimen. The PCR assay described here is not sufficiently sensitive to replace culture in our clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)814-817
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume77
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Prospective clinical evaluation of the accuracy of 16S rRNA real-time PCR assay for the diagnosis of melioidosis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this