Prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia miyamotoi in questing Ixodes ricinus ticks from four sites in the UK

Scott J. Layzell, Daniel Bailey, Mick Peacey, Patricia A. Nuttall*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Borrelia miyamotoi is a spirochete bacterium related to Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, the cause of Lyme borreliosis, and vectored by ticks. In 2014, B. miyamotoi was identified in three questing Ixodes ricinus collected in the UK. We sought to confirm the presence of B. miyamotoi in the UK. Ticks were collected from four locations not previously investigated for B. miyamotoi or B. burgdorferi s.l. and of which two are considered as Lyme borreliosis “hotspots” based on hospital records of the disease. We independently confirm that B. miyamotoi is present in the UK and support the view that B. miyamotoi is likely to have a broad geographic distribution, at low levels. Our study also adds to the existing data on the distribution of B. burgdorferi s.l. in the UK and demonstrates that although the two “hotspots” had relatively high tick densities, they did not have the highest proportion of infected ticks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-224
Number of pages8
JournalTicks and Tick-borne Diseases
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We appreciate the advice given by Tim Brooks, Jolyon Medlock and Kayleigh Hansford at PHE during the planning stage of the project. Thanks to Patricia Faria-Shayler and Annabel Halfhead for providing equipment. Many thanks also to Nigel Fisher for allowing us access to Wytham Woods, Nicky Russell for access of Kings Forest, Thetford Forest and Ian Odin at the West Dean Estate for allowing us access to the estate and for the helpful information of the area. This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017


  • Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato
  • Borrelia miyamotoi
  • Ixodes ricinus
  • Lyme borreliosis


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