Performance of the Oxoid M.I.C.Evaluator™ strips compared with the Etest® assay and BSAC agar dilution

Shazad Mushtaq, Marina Warner, Jonathan Cloke, Mariya Afzal-Shah, David M. Livermore*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The Oxoid M.I.C.Evaluator™ (M.I.C.E™ Thermo Fisher Scientific) comprises an antibiotic gradient on a plastic support. We compared its performance with Etest®-a similar product-using BSAC agar dilution as a reference. Methods: Parallel MIC tests were performed by M.I.C.Evaluator, Etest and agar dilution on Iso-Sensitest™ agar. In total, 9354 organism/strip combinations were tested by each method, using 1017 bacteria representing clinically important fastidious and non-fastidious species. Results: Essential agreement of strip MIC values (±1 doubling dilution) with the agar dilution reference, with off-scale results excluded, was 89.9% for M.I.C.Evaluator versus 89.5% for Etest (P>0.05). These proportions were similar, at 89.5% and 89.3% (P>0.05), respectively, if off-scale values were counted as agreeing if they could agree (e.g. a strip MIC>32 mg/L and an agar dilution MIC of 128 mg/L). For both strips, agreement with agar dilution was best for non-fastidious genera, Moraxella, Listeria, Pasteurella and Campylobacter spp. and weaker for streptococci, anaerobes, Neisseria spp. and, especially, Haemophilus influenzae. Many 'disagreements', especially for H. influenzae, concerned organisms unequivocally resistant by all methods (e.g. ampicillin MIC 256 mg/L by agar dilution, 16 or 32 mg/L by both strips); nevertheless both strips underestimated imipenem MICs for Proteus. There was no difference between the two strip types in the proportion of agreements with agar dilution (P>0.05); nevertheless their results agreed better with each other than with agar dilution (P<0.01). Conclusions: The M.I.C.Evaluator performed almost identically to the Etest, giving good agreement with BSAC agar dilution.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberdkq206
Pages (from-to)1702-1711
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Volume65
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jun 2010

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
D. M. L. has received conference support from Thermo Fisher Scientific, bioMérieux and AB Biodisk, he has received grants and conference support from numerous pharmaceutical companies, he holds shares in AstraZeneca, Merck, Pfizer, Dechra and GlaxoSmithKline and, as Enduring Attorney, managed further holdings in GlaxoSmithKline and Eco Animal Health. D. M. L. is employed by the HPA and sits on the BSAC’s Working Party on Susceptibility Testing, and is influenced by their views. J. C. is an employee of Thermo Fisher Scientific. Other authors: none to declare.

Funding Information:
The work was supported by Thermo Fisher Scientific, Basingstoke, UK.

Keywords

  • Antibiotic gradient strips
  • Sensitivity testing
  • Susceptibility testing

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