Effective protection against mumps can be achieved through 2 doses of the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine. However, outbreaks of mumps have recently been described among populations with high vaccination coverage, including 2 doses of MMR. Here we describe an outbreak at a school in the East of England, UK. The school was attended by 540 pupils aged 10-19 years and had 170 staff. In total, 28 cases of mumps (24 pupils and 4 staff) were identified during 10 January to 16 March 2013. Vaccination status was known in 25 of the cases, and among these 21 (84.0%) had a documented history of 2 doses of MMR while the remaining had a history of one dose (2/25 cases, 8.0%) or no doses (2/25, 8.0%) of MMR. An outbreak control team recommended that MMR vaccine should be offered to all pupils whose parents consented to it, regardless of previous vaccination status. Additional MMR vaccines were administered to 103 pupils, including 76 (73.8%) third doses of MMR. Offering an additional dose of MMR appeared to be acceptable to parents, and we found it feasible to administer the intervention in a timely manner with resources from the local Public Health Centre (Primary Care Trust). An additional dose of MMR to all individuals at risk can be considered as an acceptable control measure for mumps outbreaks in schools even if the vaccination coverage is high. However, further evidence on the effectiveness, acceptability, and safety of this intervention is needed.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Erlend T Aasheim is funded by an Academic Clinical Fellowship from the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR).
- MMR vaccine
- United Kingdom