Monitoring and Dose Assessment for Children Following a Radiation Emergency-Part II: Calibration Factors for Thyroid Monitoring

Chunsheng Li*, Marilyn Tremblay, Kevin Capello, Osamu Kurihara, Mike Youngman, George Etherington, Armin Ansari, María Antonia López, Didier Franck, Shaheen Dewji

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Past radiological and nuclear accidents have demonstrated that monitoring a large number of children following a radiological and nuclear emergency can be challenging, in accommodating their needs as well as adapting monitoring protocols and applying age-specific biokinetics to account for various ages and body sizes. This paper presents the derived calibration factors for thyroid monitoring of children of all ages recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection using four selected detectors at given times following a short-Term (acute) intake of 131I by inhalation. These calibration factors were derived by Monte Carlo simulations using the models of various detectors and pediatric voxel phantoms. A collection of lookup tables is presented in this paper which may be directly used as a quick reference by emergency response personnel or technical experts performing thyroid monitoring and assessment without doing time-consuming calculations.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)283-290
    Number of pages8
    JournalHealth Physics
    Volume117
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2019

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher Copyright:
    © Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

    Keywords

    • I
    • accidents, nuclear
    • contamination, internal
    • dosimetry, internal

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