Long term results of compression therapy alone versus compression plus surgery in chronic venous ulceration (ESCHAR): Randomised controlled trial

Manjit S. Gohel, Jamie R. Barwell, Maxine Taylor, Terry Chant, Chris Foy, Jonothan J. Earnshaw, Brian P. Heather, David C. Mitchell, Mark R. Whyman, Keith R. Poskitt*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

309 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether recurrence of leg ulcers may be prevented by surgical correction of superficial venous reflux in addition to compression. Design: Randomised controlled trial. Setting: Specialist nurse led leg ulcer clinics in three UK vascular centres. Participants: 500 patients (500 legs) with open or recently healed leg ulcers and superficial venous reflux. Interventions: Compression alone or compression plus saphenous surgery. Main outcome measures: Primary outcomes were ulcer healing and ulcer recurrence. The secondary outcome was ulcer free time. Results: Ulcer healing rates at three years were 89% for the compression group and 93% for the compression plus surgery group (P=0.73, log rank test). Rates of ulcer recurrence at four years were 56% for the compression group and 31% for the compression plus surgery group (P<0.01). For patients with isolated superficial reflux, recurrence rates at four years were 51% for the compression group and 27% for the compress plus surgery group (P<0.01). For patients who had superficial with segmental deep reflux, recurrence rates at three years were 52% for the compression group and 24% for the compression plus surgery group (P=0.04). For patients with superficial and total deep reflux, recurrence rates at three years were 46% for the compression group and 32% forthe compression plus surgery group (P=0.33). Patients in the compression plus surgery group experienced a greater proportion of ulcer free time after three years compared with patients in the compression group (78% v 71%; P=0.007, Mann-Whitney U test). Conclusions: Surgical correction of superficial venous reflux in addition to compression bandaging does not improve ulcer healing but reduces the recurrence of ulcers at four years and results in a greater proportion of ulcer free time. Trial registration: Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN07549334.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-87
Number of pages5
JournalBritish Medical Journal
Volume335
Issue number7610
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jul 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Long term results of compression therapy alone versus compression plus surgery in chronic venous ulceration (ESCHAR): Randomised controlled trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this