Is there an opportunity to reduce urinary catheter-related infections? Exploring variation in catheterisation rates in care homes

Cliodna McNulty*, J. Bowen, C. Foy, K. Gunn, E. Freeman, D. Tompkins, A. Brady, T. Ejidokun, I. Donald, G. E. Smith

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Urinary catheterisation in care homes is associated with increased morbidity, hospitalisation and mortality. The authors aimed to determine whether staffing, resident underlying illness or nursing band, or use of other toileting methods were responsible for the wide variation in urinary catheterisation rates found in English care homes. The authors approached randomly-selected registered care homes in three former health districts in England. A questionnaire survey was used to determine the number of residents in each nursing care band and with different medical conditions that were catheterised, and the home's management of residents' continence. The number of residents or staffing did not influence catheterisation rate. Higher catheterisation rate homes had a lower proportion of high band nursing residents and residents with incontinence, severe physical disability and dementia than the other homes. Only urinary retention (3 per cent of residents) was significantly more common in the higher catheterisation rate homes. There was no difference in continence care before inserting a catheter. The authors suggest that care culture and staff attitudes to catheterisation should be explored in greater depth using structured interviews or focus groups. This may allow the identification of key factors that can be targeted in order to reduce catheterisation rates and the associated morbidity.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)22-28
    Number of pages7
    JournalBritish Journal of Infection Control
    Volume7
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2006

    Keywords

    • Care homes
    • Community
    • Elderly
    • Guidance
    • Questionnaire
    • Urinary catheterisation

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