Impact of Menopausal Status and Recurrent UTIs on Symptoms, Severity, and Daily Life: Findings from an Online Survey of Women Reporting a Recent UTI

Leigh N. Sanyaolu*, Emily Cooper, Brieze Read, Haroon Ahmed, Donna M. Lecky

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Introduction: Current UKHSA UTI diagnostic guidance advises empirical antibiotics if two of the following symptoms are present: cloudy urine, dysuria, and new onset nocturia. Hormonal changes during menopause may impact UTI symptoms, and qualitative studies suggest women with recurrent UTIs may present with different UTI symptoms. This study aims to assess whether menopausal status and the presence of recurrent UTIs impact UTI symptoms in women. Methods: An e-survey was conducted between 13 March 2021 and 13 April 2021. Women aged 16 years or older with a history of a UTI in the last year were eligible for inclusion. We defined menopause as those aged 45–64 years; pre-menopause as those less than 45 years; and post-menopause as those 65 years and older. Recurrent UTIs were defined as three or more UTIs in the last year. The data were weighted to be representative of the UK population. Crude unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios were estimated using logistic regression. Results: In total, 1096 women reported a UTI in the last year. There were significant differences in UTI symptoms based on menopausal status and the presence of recurrent UTIs. Post-menopausal women self-reported more incontinence (OR 2.76, 95% CI 1.50,5.09), whereas menopausal women reported more nocturia. Women with recurrent UTIs reported less dysuria, more severe symptoms (OR 1.93 95% CI 1.37,2.73) and a greater impact on daily life (OR 1.68, 95% CI 1.19,2.37). Conclusions: This survey provides evidence that acute UTIs present differently based on menopausal status and in women with recurrent UTIs. It is important that healthcare professionals are aware of these differences when assessing women presenting with an acute UTI and, therefore, further research in this area is needed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number1150
    JournalAntibiotics
    Volume12
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2023 by the authors.

    Keywords

    • menopause
    • recurrent UTIs
    • symptoms
    • urinary tract infection

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