Immunogenicity of a heptavalent conjugate pneumococcal vaccine administered concurrently with a combination diphtheria, tetanus, five-component acellular pertussis, inactivated polio, and Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine and a meningococcal group C conjugate vaccine at 2, 3, and 4 months of age

S. J. Moss, A. C. Fenton, J. Toomey, A. Grainger, Raymond Borrow, P. Balmer, J. Smith, A. R. Gennery

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    Abstract

    The immunogenicities of conjugate pneumococcal vaccines have been demonstrated when they are administered at 2, 3, and 4 months of age. There is a paucity of data on the immunogenicity of this vaccine when it is administered concurrently with other vaccines in the primary immunization schedule of the United Kingdom. We immunized 55 term infants at 2, 3, and 4 months of age with the seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7), the meningococcal group C conjugate (MCC) vaccine, and the diphtheria, tetanus, fivecomponent acellular pertussis, inactivated polio, and Haemophilus influenzae type b (DTaP 5/IPV/Hib-TT) vaccine. The immune responses to the H. influenzae type b (Hib), MCC, and tetanus vaccines were measured at 2, 5, and 12 months of age; and the immune responses to PCV7 were measured at 2 and 5 months and then either at 12 months or following a 4th dose of PCV7. There were increases in the geometric mean concentrations (GMCs) of all antigens postimmunization. Greater than or equal to 90% of the infants achieved putatively protective levels postimmunization for all vaccine antigens except pneumococcal serotype 6B and Hib. The GMCs of the PCV7 serotypes increased following a 4th dose, although one infant had not reached putative levels of protection against serotype 6B. In conclusion, when infants were vaccinated according to the schedule described above, they had lower postprimary immunization responses to Hib, meningococcus group C capsular polysaccharide, and pneumococcal serotype 6B than the responses demonstrated by use of the other schedules. Despite this finding, there was a good response following a 4th dose of PCV7.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)311-316
    Number of pages6
    JournalClinical and Vaccine Immunology
    Volume17
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010

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