ICTV virus taxonomy profile: Nairoviridae

Aura R. Garrison, Sergey V. Alkhovsky, Tatjana Avšič-Županc, Dennis A. Bente, Éric Bergeron, Felicity Burt, Nicholas Di Paola, Koray Ergünay, Roger Hewson, Jens H. Kuhn, Ali Mirazimi, Anna Papa, Amadou Alpha Sall, Jessica R. Spengler, Gustavo Palacios*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)
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Members of the family Nairoviridae produce enveloped virions with three single-stranded RNA segments comprising 17.1 to 22.8 kb in total. These viruses are maintained in arthropods and transmitted by ticks to mammals or birds. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus is tick-borne and is endemic in most of Asia, Africa, Southern and Eastern Europe whereas Nairobi sheep disease virus, which is also tick-borne, causes lethal haemorrhagic gastroenteritis in small ruminants in Africa and India. This is a summary of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Report on the family Nairoviridae, which is available at ictv.global/report/nairoviridae.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)798-799
Number of pages2
JournalJournal of General Virology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 25 Aug 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Production of this summary,the online chapter,and associated resources was funded by a grant from the Wellcome Trust (WT108418AIA). This work was supported in part through Laulima Government Solutions, LLC’s prime contract with the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) under Contract No. HHSN272201800013C. J.H.K. performed this work as an employee of Tunnell Government Services (TGS), a subcontractor of Laulima Government Solutions, LLC under Contract No. HHSN272201800013C. The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the US Department of the Army, the US Department of Defense, the US Department of Health and Human Services or of the institutions and companies affiliated with the authors.

Open Access: This is an open- access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.

Publisher Copyright: © 2020

Citation: Garrison, Aura R., et al. "ICTV virus taxonomy profile: nairoviridae." Journal of General Virology 101.8 (2020): 798-799.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1099/jgv.0.001485


  • Bunyavirales
  • Bunyavirus
  • ICTV Report
  • Nairoviridae
  • Nairovirus
  • Orthonairovirus
  • Shaspivirus
  • Striwavirus
  • Taxonomy


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