Pulmonary function measures reflect respiratory health and are used in the diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. We tested genome-wide association with forced expiratory volume in 1 second and the ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 second to forced vital capacity in 48,201 individuals of European ancestry with follow up of the top associations in up to an additional 46,411 individuals. We identified new regions showing association (combined P < 5 ×-10-8) with pulmonary function in or near MFAP2, TGFB2, HDAC4, RARB, MECOM (also known as EVI1), SPATA9, ARMC2, NCR3, ZKSCAN3, CDC123, C10orf11, LRP1, CCDC38, MMP15, CFDP1 and KCNE2. Identification of these 16 new loci may provide insight into the molecular mechanisms regulating pulmonary function and into molecular targets for future therapy to alleviate reduced lung function.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank the many colleagues who contributed to collection and phenotypic characterization of the clinical sampling, genotyping and analysis of the data. We especially thank those who kindly agreed to participate in the studies. Major funding for this work is from the following sources (alphabetical): Academy of Finland (project grants 104781, 120315, 129269, 1114194, Center of Excellence in Complex Disease Genetics (213506 and 129680) and SALVE); Althingi (Icelandic Parliament); Arthritis Research Campaign; Asthma UK; AstraZeneca; AXA Research Fund; Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) (BB/F019394/1, G20234); British Heart Foundation (PG/97012, PG/06/154/22043, FS05/125); British Lung Foundation; Canadian Institutes of Health Research (Grant ID MOP-82893); Cancer Research United Kingdom;
N01-HC-48050, N01-HC-45134, N01-HC-05187, N01-HC-45205, N01-HC-45204, N01 HC-25195, N01-HC-95159 through N01-HC-95169, RR-024156, N02-HL-6-4278, R01 HL-071022, R01 HL-077612, R01 HL-074104, RC1 HL100543, HHSN268201100005C, HHSN268201100006C, HHSN268201100007C, HHSN268201100008C, HHSN268201100009C, HHSN268201100010C, HHSN268201100011C and HHSN268201100012C, grants HL080295, HL087652, HL105756, R01-HL-084099, R01HL087641, R01HL59367, R01HL086694, HL088133, HL075336 5R01HL087679-02 through the STAMPEED program (1RL1MH083268-01), 1K23HL094531-01); US NIH National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID); US NIH National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD); US NIH National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) (DK063491); US NIH National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) (ZO1 ES49019, ES015794); US NIH National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) (5R01MH63706:02); US NIH National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDD); US NIH National Institute on Aging (NIA) (R01 AG032098, RC1 AG035835, N01AG12100, N01AG62101, N01AG62103, N01AG62106, 1R01AG032098-01A1, AG-023269, AG-15928, AG-20098, AG-027058); Wellcome Trust (077016/Z/05/Z, GR069224, 068545/Z/02, 076113/B/04/Z, 079895).
Chief Scientist Office, Scottish Government Health Directorate (CZD/16/6); Croatian Institute for Public Health; UK Department of Health; Dutch Kidney Foundation; Erasmus Medical Center and Erasmus University, Rotterdam; Estonian Genome Center, University of Tartu, Estonia (SF0180142s08); EU funding (GABRIEL GRANT Number: 018996, ECRHS II Coordination Number: QLK4-CT-1999-01237); European Commission (DG XII, EURO-BLCS, FP-5 QLG1-CT-2000-01643, FP-6 LSHB-CT-2006-018996 (GABRIEL), FP-6 LSHG-CT-2006-018947 (EUROSPAN), FP-6 GenomEUtwin project QLG2-CT-2002-01254, FP7/2007-2013: HEALTH-F2-2008-201865, GEFOS, HEALTH-F2-2008-35627, TREAT-OA, HEALTH-F4-2007-201413 (ENGAGE)); Finnish Foundation for Cardiovascular Research; Flight Attendant Medical Research Institute (FAMRI); German Asthma and COPD Network (COSYCONET: BMBF grant 01GI0883); German Bundesministerium fuer Forschung und Technology (01 AK 803 A-H, 01 IG 07015 G); German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) (03ZIK012, 01ZZ9603, 01ZZ0103 and 01ZZ0403): German National Genome Research Network (NGFN-2 and NGFN-plus); German Ministry of Cultural Affairs; GlaxoSmithKline; Gyllenberg Foundations; Healthway, Western Australia; Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany; Healthcare and Bioscience iNet (funded by the East Midlands Development Agency, partially financed by the European Regional Development Fund, delivered by Medilink East Midlands); Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE); Hjartavernd (Icelandic Heart Association); Innsbruck Medical University; Institute for Anthropological Research in Zagreb; International Osteoporosis Foundation; Intramural Research Program of the NIH, National Institute on Aging and National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences; Jalmari and Rauha Ahokas Foundation; Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation International (JDRF); Lifelong Health and Wellbeing Initiative (G0700704/84698); Medical Research Council UK (G1000861, G0501942, G0902313, G0000934, G0800582, G0500539, G0600705, PrevMetSyn/SALVE, G9901462); Medical Research Fund of the Tampere University Hospital; Ministry of Science, Education and Sport of the Republic of Croatia (108-1080315-0302); Medical Research Council Human Genetics Unit; Medisearch–The Leicester Medical Research Foundation; Munich Center of Health Sciences (MC Health) as part of LMUinnovativ; National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (Grant ID 403981 and ID 003209); National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) (U01-HG-004729, U01-HG-004402); National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centres (Guy’s & St. Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust in partnership with King’s College London and Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust in partnership with the University of Cambridge); Netherlands Genomics Initiative (NGI)/Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) (050-060-810); Netherlands Organization for the Health Research and Development (ZonMw); Netherlands Organization of Scientific Research NOW (1750102007006, 175.010.2005.011, 911-03-012); Northern Netherlands Collaboration of Provinces (SNN); Norwegian University of Science and Technology; Novo Nordisk; Ontario Institute of Cancer Research and Canadian Cancer Society Research Institute (CCSRI 020214); Republic of Croatia Ministry of Science, Education and Sports research grants (108-1080315-0302); Research Institute for Diseases in the Elderly (RIDE) (014-93-015: RIDE2); Research Into Ageing (251); Siemens Healthcare, Erlangen, Germany and the Federal State of Mecklenburg–West Pomerania; Social Ministry of the Federal State of Mecklenburg–West Pomerania; Structure Enhancing Fund (FES) of the Dutch government; Swedish Heart and Lung Foundation grant 20050561; Swedish Research Council for Worklife and Social research (FAS), grants 2001-0263, 2003-0139; Swiss National Science Foundation (grants no. 4026-28099,3347CO-108796, 3247BO-104283, 3247BO-104288, 3247BO-104284, 32-65896.01,32-59302.99, 32-52720.97, 32-4253.94); The Asthma, Allergy and Inflammation Research Trust; The Great Wine Estates of the Margaret River region of Western Australia; The Netherlands’ Ministry of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Education, Culture and Science and Ministry for Health, Welfare and Sports; The Royal Society; The University of Split and Zagreb Medical Schools; Tromsø University; U01 DK062418; UBS Wealth Foundation Grant BA29s8Q7-DZZ; UK Department of Health Policy Research Programme; University Hospital Oulu, Biocenter, University of Oulu, Finland (75617); University Medical Center Groningen; University of Bristol; University of Leicester HEFCE CIF award; University of Nottingham; US National Institutes of Health (NIH) (1P50 CA70907, RO1 CA121197, U19 CA148127, CA55769, CA127219, R01HL071051, R01HL071205, R01HL071250, R01HL071251, R01HL071252, R01HL071258, R01HL071259, UL1RR025005, contracts HHSN268200625226C, HHSN268200782096C, R01-HL084099); US NIH National Cancer Institute (RO1CA111703); US NIH National Center for Research Resources (grants M01-RR00425 and 5M01 RR00997); US NIH National Eye Institute (NEI); US NIH National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (contracts N01-HC-85079 through N01-HC-85086, N01-HC-35129, N01 HC-15103, N01 HC-55222, N01-HC-75150, N01-HC-45133, N01-HC-95095, N01-HC-48047, N01-HC-48048, N01-HC-48049,