Genetic diversity of HA1 domain of heammaglutinin gene of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 in Tunisia

Awatef El Moussi*, Mohamed Ali Ben Hadj Kacem, Francisco Pozo, Juan Ledesma, Maria Teresa Cuevas, Inmaculada Casas, Amine Slim

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


We present major results concerning isolation and determination of the nucleotide sequence of hemagglutinin (HA1) of the pandemic (H1N1)pdm09 influenza viruses found in Tunisia. Amino acid analysis revealed minor amino acid changes in the antigenic or receptor-binding domains. We found mutations that were also present in 1918 pandemic virus, which includes S183P in 4 and S185T mutation in 19 of 27 viruses analyzed from 2011, while none of the 2009 viruses carried these mutations. Also two specific amino acid differences into N-glycosylation sites (N288T and N276H) were detected. The phylogenetic analysis revealed that the majority of the Tunisian isolates clustered with clade A/St. Petersburg/27/2011 viruses characterized by D97N and S185T mutations. However it also reveals a trend of 2010 strains to accumulate amino acid variation and form new phylogenetic clade with three specific amino acid substitutions: V47I, E172K and K308E.

Original languageEnglish
Article number150
JournalVirology Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Antigenic site
  • Glycosylation site
  • Heammaglutinin
  • Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09
  • Phylogeny


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