Exploring the Antimicrobial Stewardship Educational Needs of Healthcare Students and the Potential of an Antimicrobial Prescribing App as an Educational Tool in Selected African Countries

Omotola Ogunnigbo, Maxencia Nabiryo, Moses Atteh, Eric Muringu, Olatunde James Olaitan, Victoria Rutter, Diane Ashiru-Oredope*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global health threat and one of the top 10 global public health threats facing humanity. AMR contributes to 700,000 deaths annually and more deaths, as many as 10 million are projected to happen by 2050. Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) activities have been important in combating the ripple effects of AMR and several concerted efforts have been taken to address the issues of antimicrobial resistance. The Commonwealth Pharmacists Association through the Commonwealth Partnerships for Antimicrobial Stewardship (CwPAMS) pro-gramme has been enhancing the capacity of health institutions in Low-Middle-Income Countries (LMIC) to combat AMR. Through such efforts, an antimicrobial prescribing app (CwPAMS app) was launched and delivered to support antimicrobial prescribing and improve AMS practice in four African countries; Ghana, Uganda, Zambia, and Tanzania. The app provides easy access to infection management resources to improve appropriate use of antimicrobials in line with national and international guidelines. This study aimed to identify and explore the potential for the usability of the CwPAMS app among healthcare students across selected African countries that are part of the Commonwealth. The study equally evaluated the healthcare students’ understanding and attitudes towards antimicrobial resistance and stewardship. Despite 70% of the respondents indicating that they had been taught about prudent use of antibiotics, diagnosis of infections and their management using antibiotics in their universities, notable knowledge gaps were discovered: 52.2% of the respondents had no prior information on the term AMS, 50.6% of them reported a lack of resources for accessing up-to-date information on drugs, for instance only 36% had had an opportunity to access an app as a learning resource even when 70% of the respondents thought that a mobile app would support in increasing their knowledge. Those challenges reveal an opportunity for the CwPAMS App as a potential option to address AMR and AMS gaps among healthcare students.

Original languageEnglish
Article number691
JournalAntibiotics
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This project and partnership was part of the Commonwealth Partnerships for Antimicro-bial Stewardship (CwPAMS) managed by the Tropical Health and Education Trust (THET) and Commonwealth Pharmacists Association (CPA). CwPAMS is a global health partnership pro-gramme funded by the Fleming Fund using UK aid funding. The Fleming Fund is a UK aid pro-gramme supporting up to 25 countries across Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia to tackle antimicrobial resistance. The Fund is managed by the UK Department of Health and Social Care and invests in strengthening surveillance systems through a portfolio of country and regional grants, global pro-jects and fellowship schemes. The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the UK Department of Health and Social Care, the NHS, the represented NHS Trusts, CPA or THET.

Funding Information:
Funding: This project and partnership was part of the Commonwealth Partnerships for Antimicrobial Stewardship (CwPAMS) managed by the Tropical Health and Education Trust (THET) and Commonwealth Pharmacists Association (CPA). CwPAMS is a global health partnership programme funded by the Fleming Fund using UK aid funding. The Fleming Fund is a UK aid programme supporting up to 25 countries across Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia to tackle antimicrobial resistance. The Fund is managed by the UK Department of Health and Social Care and invests in strengthening surveillance systems through a portfolio of country and regional grants, global projects and fellowship schemes.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • CwPAMS
  • Prescribing app
  • antibiotics
  • antimicrobial resistance
  • antimicrobial stewardship
  • antimicrobial surveillance
  • antimicrobials

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