Estimating tuberculosis case detection rate in resource-limited countries: A capture-recapture study in Egypt

A. Bassili*, A. D. Grant, E. El-Mohgazy, A. Galal, P. Glaziou, A. Seita, I. Abubakar, A. L. Bierrenbach, J. P. Crofts, N. A. Van Hest

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


SETTING: Most countries endemic and highly endemic for tuberculosis (TB) still do not have reliable TB surveillance systems. Indirect estimation of TB incidence is needed to monitor the performance of the National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP) in the context of the World Health Organization implementation and impact targets for TB control. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the case detection rate (CDR) of all TB cases and sputum smear-positive TB cases in Egypt in 2007. METHODS: Record linkage and three-source capture-recapture analysis of data collected through active prospective longitudinal surveillance within the public and private non-NTP sector in four Egyptian governorates selected by stratifi ed cluster random sampling. RESULTS: For all TB cases, the estimated CDR of NTP surveillance and completeness of case ascertainment after record linkage was respectively 55% (95%CI 46-68) and 62% (95%CI 52-77). For sputum smear-positive TB cases, these proportions were respectively 66% (95%CI 55-75) and 72% (95%CI 60-82). CONCLUSION: This pilot study shows that representative sampling, prospective surveillance in the non-NTP sector, record linkage and capture-recapture analysis can improve CDR estimation. For global, standardised and reliable use, this methodology should be further developed. Until then, all resource-limited countries should strengthen their national surveillance systems in the context of the Stop TB strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)727-732
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010


  • Capture-recapture analysis
  • Record linkage
  • Resource-limited
  • Surveillance
  • Tuberculosis


Dive into the research topics of 'Estimating tuberculosis case detection rate in resource-limited countries: A capture-recapture study in Egypt'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this