Estimating the burden of adult hospital admissions due to RSV and other respiratory pathogens in England

Ashley Sharp*, Mehdi Minaji, Nikolaos Panagiotopoulos, Rachel Reeves, Andre Charlett, Richard Pebody

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a common seasonal respiratory virus and an important cause of illness among infants, but the burden of RSV disease is not well described among the older population. The objective of this study was to estimate the age-specific incidence of hospital admission among over 65 s due to respiratory illnesses attributable to RSV in England to inform optimal vaccine and therapeutic interventions. We used linear multiple regression to examine the effect of changes in weekly counts of respiratory pathogens on the weekly counts of respiratory hospital admissions. The study population was all patients aged 65 years or over admitted to English hospitals between 2nd August 2010 and 30th July 2017. RSV was estimated to account for a seasonal annual average of 71 (95% CI 52–90) respiratory admissions per 100 000 in adults age 65–74 and 251 (95% CI 186–316) admissions per 100,000 adults age 75+. Pneumococcus was the pathogen responsible for highest annual average respiratory admission with 448 (95% CI 310–587) admissions per 100,000 adults age 65–74 and 1010 (95% CI 527–1493) admissions per 100,000 adults aged 75+. This study shows that RSV continues to exert a significant burden of disease among older adults in England. These findings will support development of policy for the use of RSV therapeutics and vaccines in this age group.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
JournalInfluenza and other Respiratory Viruses
Early online date17 Oct 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Oct 2021

Bibliographical note

Financial Information: No financial information.

Open Access: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Publisher Copyright: © 2021 Crown copyright. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This article is published with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland.

Citation: Sharp, A, Minaji, M, Panagiotopoulos, N, Reeves, R, Charlett, A, Pebody, R. Estimating the burden of adult hospital admissions due to RSV and other respiratory pathogens in England. Influenza Other Respi Viruses. 2021; 1- 7.

DOI: 10.1111/irv.12910

Keywords

  • burden of disease
  • hospital admission
  • respiratory
  • respiratory syncytial virus
  • time series analysis
  • INFECTIONS
  • INFLUENZA-LIKE ILLNESS
  • SYNCYTIAL VIRUS
  • AGE

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