Epidemiology of unintentional carbon monoxide fatalities in the UK

Alexandra De Juniac, Irene Kreis*, Judith Ibison, Virginia Murray

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


This study aims to describe the epidemiology of unintentional non-fire related CO fatalities in the UK and to relate this information to sources of CO. Data from the CO-Gas Safety Society (COGSS) database was analysed and compared with data from the English House Condition Survey (EHCS). There were 462 deaths from the COGSS database, from 1 January 1996 to 31 December 2007 inclusive. The relative risk for death due to non-gas vs gas fuels was 10.52 (95% CI 7.71-14.34). The main weakness of the study is the likely underascertainment of CO deaths in the database. However, this study has identified specific risk factors for CO-related deaths in the UK; the use of non-gas fuels has not previously been highlighted as a significant cause of CO poisoning, and the relative risk (although not the absolute risk) of CO-related fatalities from these fuels is substantial.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-219
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Health Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2012


  • Epidemiology
  • Gas-appliances
  • Mortality


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