Epidemiology of STI and HIV: An overview of concentration and geographical and temporal dispersion

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    Abstract

    There is marked variation in the burden of disease due to STI and HIV that is experienced by different communities, and this burden changes over time. There is enormous variation in the burden of HIV both between countries [1] and within countries, with some groups (e.g., MSM, IDU) affected much more heavily than others. Even within risk groups there can be considerable variation. For this reason, it is argued that “Planning an intervention to prevent [HIV] infections should be guided by local epidemiological and socioeconomic conditions [including] risk behaviour, attitudes to risk, prevalence of cofactor STIs, stage of the HIV epidemic, existing health services.”.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationThe New Public Health and STD/HIV Prevention
    Subtitle of host publicationPersonal, Public and Health Systems Approaches
    PublisherSpringer New York
    Pages33-63
    Number of pages31
    ISBN (Electronic)9781461445265
    ISBN (Print)9781461445258
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher Copyright:
    © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013.

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