National surveillance of shigellosis in England revealed an increase in sexually transmitted Shigella flexneri in adult males in 2019 that persisted throughout 2020. We observed a resurgence of azithromycin-resistant S. flexneri serotype 3a, and the emergence of two novel multidrug-resistant clades of S. flexneri 2a and S. flexneri 1b.
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- Multidrug resistance
- Sexual transmission