Delivery of community-centred public mental health interventions in diverse areas in England: a mapping study protocol

NIHR SPHR Public Mental Health Programme., Fiona H. Duncan, Mike McGrath, Cleo Baskin, David Osborn, Jen Dykxhoorn, Eileen F.S. Kaner, Shamini Gnani, Louise LaFortune, Caroline Lee, Kate R. Walters, James Kirkbride, Laura Fischer, Oli Jones, Vanessa Pinfold, Jude Stansfield, Emily J. Oliver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)


BACKGROUND: Public mental health (PMH) is a global challenge and a UK priority area for action. However, to progress, practitioners require a stronger evidence base regarding the effectiveness of approaches, particularly regarding promotion and prevention through community-centred interventions. In addition, policy-makers need to understand what is being delivered, particularly in areas of high need, to identify promising practices or gaps in PMH provision. Finally, and importantly, the public need better information regarding what approaches and services are available to them. We report a protocol designed to (1) identify the types of community-centred interventions used in purposively selected diverse geographical areas of England to improve PMH outcomes and (2) describe the type, target population, content and outcome measures of each intervention. 

METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Five local authority areas of England were selected based on either high social deprivation or differing ethnic population statistics and geographical locations. Community-centred interventions in each area will be identified through: (1) desk-based data capture from standardised searches of publicly-available information (eg, policy, strategy and intervention advertising), (2) established professional networks and service contacts, (3) chain-referral sampling of individuals involved in local mental health promotion and prevention and (4) peer researchers, who will use their personal experience and local knowledge to help identify potentially relevant organisations. Data on the key features of the interventions will be extracted from individuals either by structured interviews or by electronic questionnaires with information regarding the intervention(s) of which they have knowledge. Initial data analysis will involve tabulating descriptive information and grouping interventions according to intervention type, target population, risk/protective factor and intended primary outcome. A descriptive comparison will be made between selected geographical areas. 

ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval was obtained from Durham University's Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Ethics Committee. We plan to disseminate our findings at relevant conferences, meetings and through peer-reviewed journals. We also plan to disseminate to the public and intervention providers through social media and/or newsletters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e037631
JournalBMJ Open
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jul 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information: This project is funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) School for Public Health Research (SPHR) (Grant Reference Number PD-SPH-2015).

Open Access:
This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported (CC BY 4.0) license, which permits others to copy, redistribute, remix, transform and build upon this work for any purpose, provided the original work is properly cited, a link to the licence is given, and indication of whether changes were made. See:

Publisher Copyright: © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. Published by BMJ.

Citation: Duncan FH, McGrath M, Baskin C On behalf of the NIHR SPHR Public Mental Health Programme., et al. Delivery of community-centred public mental health interventions in diverse areas in England: a mapping study protocol. BMJ Open 2020;10:e037631.

DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-037631


  • adult psychiatry
  • health policy
  • mental health
  • public health


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