Deliberate releases of biological agents: initial lessons for Europe from events in the United States.

R. Harling*, B. Twisselmann, N. Asgari-Jirhandeh, D. Morgan, N. Lightfoot, M. Reacher, A. Nicoll

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The experience of autumn 2001, when anthrax spores were released in the postal system, had considerable consequences in the United States and in Europe. The threat of covert deliberate releases against civilians has become a reality. In Europe, despite the growing number of criminal hoaxes, no cases of anthrax linked to deliberate releases have been reported, and the only contaminated letters were addressed to American embassies abroad. Nevertheless, the time has come for Europe to set up efficient and timely plans to respond to bioterrorism, under the coordination of the European Commission.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-171
Number of pages6
JournalEurosurveillance
Volume6
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2001

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