Background: Malaria control is based on early treatment of cases and on vector control. The current measures for malaria vector control in Africa are mainly based on long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) and to a much smaller extent on indoor residual spraying (IRS). While bed net use is widely distributed and its role is intensively researched, Bti-based larviciding is a relatively novel tool in Africa. In this study, we analyze the perception and acceptability of Bti-based larval source management under different larviciding scenarios that were performed in a health district in Burkina Faso. Objective: To research people’s perception and acceptance regarding biological larviciding interventions against malaria in their communities. Methods: A cross-sectional study was undertaken using a total of 634 administered questionnaires. Data were collected in a total of 36 rural villages and in seven town quarters of the semi-urban town of Nouna. Results: Respondents had basic to good knowledge regarding malaria transmission and how to protect oneself against it. More than 90% reported sleeping under a bed net, while other measures such as mosquito coils and insecticides were only used by a minority. The majority of community members reported high perceived reductions in mosquito abundance and the number of malaria episodes. There was a high willingness to contribute financially to larviciding interventions among interviewees. Conclusions: This study showed that biological larviciding interventions are welcomed by the population that they are regarded as an effective and safe means to reduce mosquito abundance and malaria transmission. A routine implementation would, despite low intervention costs, require community ownership and contribution.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We are deeply grateful to the research unit at the CRSN (Centre de Recherche en Santé de Nouna) for their valuable work and to the people in the study villages for their cooperation, interest and personal commitment in this study and the underlying EMIRA study. We thank the Manfred Lautenschläger foundation for funding this research project. We acknowledge financial support by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg within the funding program Open Access Publishing for publishing this article.
© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
- Burkina fasos
- community acceptability
- larval source management
- vector control