Background The relationship between depression and sexual behaviour among men who have sex with men (MSM) is poorly understood. Aims To investigate prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score ≥10) and the relationship between depressive symptoms and sexual behaviour among MSM reporting recent sex. Method The Attitudes to and Understanding of Risk of Acquisition of HIV (AURAH) is a cross-sectional study of UK genitourinary medicine clinic attendees without diagnosed HIV (2013-2014). Results Among 1340 MSM, depressive symptoms (12.4%) were strongly associated with socioeconomic disadvantage and lower supportive network. Adjusted for key sociodemographic factors, depressive symptoms were associated with measures of condomless sex partners in the past 3 months (≥2 (prevalence ratio (PR) 1.42, 95% CI 1.17-1.74; P=0.001), unknown or HIV-positive status (PR 1.43, 95% CI 1.20-1.71; P<0.001)), sexually transmitted infection (STI) diagnosis (PR 1.46, 95% CI 1.19-1.79; P<0.001) and post-exposure prophylaxis use in the past year (PR 1.83, 95% CI 1.33-2.50; P<0.001). Conclusions Management of mental health may play a role in HIV and STI prevention.
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© 2017 The Royal College of Psychiatrists.