Burden of acute respiratory disease of epidemic and pandemic potential in the who Eastern Mediterranean Region: A literature review

A. Abubakar, M. Malik*, Richard Pebody, A. A. Elkholy, W. Khan, A. Bellos, P. Mala

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    23 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    There are gaps in the knowledge about the burden of severe respiratory disease in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). This literature review was therefore conducted to describe the burden of epidemicand pandemic-prone acute respiratory infections (ARI) in the Region which may help in the development of evidence-based disease prevention and control policies. Relevant published and unpublished reports were identified from searches of various databases; 83 documents fulfilled the search criteria. The infections identified included: ARI, avian influenza A(H5N1), influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection. Pneumonia and ARIs were leading causes of disease and death in the Region. Influenza A(H1N1) was an important cause of morbidity during the 2009 pandemic. This review provides a descriptive summary of the burden of acute respiratory diseases in the Region, but there still remains a lack of necessary data.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)513-526
    Number of pages14
    JournalEastern Mediterranean Health Journal
    Volume22
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2016, World Health Organization. STI. All rights reserved.

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