Large-scale chemical incidents and environmental emergencies occur infrequently, however when they do, they can have a significant impact on individuals and local communities. Provision of strategic, technical and scientific advice is key to the multi-agency risk assessment, risk management and risk communication during such events. This chapter explores: types of environmental emergencies and their impact on environmental compartments (air, water and land) that may lead to public exposure to chemical pollutants e.g. spills, fires, explosions etc.; principles of emergency preparedness and planning, including identifying key hazards and assessing potential to reduce the impact of environmental emergencies e.g. Seveso; ensuring roles and responsibilities are clearly understood and policies are in place to manage incidents, especially for cross-border health threats, and information sources and development of evidence-based scientific advice; the principles of emergency response, including environmental public health risk assessment methodology (source-pathway-receptor) and risk communication during emergencies; and a case study on fire.
|Title of host publication||Chemical Health Threats|
|Subtitle of host publication||Assessing and Alerting|
|Editors||Tom Gaulton, Samuel Collins, Raquel Duarte-Davidson, Stacey Wyke|
|Publisher||Royal Society of Chemistry|
|Number of pages||18|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|
|Name||Issues in Toxicology|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2019 The Royal Society of Chemistry.