In the accompanying communication, it was demonstrated that the null cells, the T(M) cells, monocytes and PWM are all obligatory participants in the synthesis and secretion of immunoglobulins by human B cells in culture. Here we demonstrate that the null cells secrete a factor, referred to as human immunoglobulin synthesis/secretion-facilitating factor (HISFF) that can replace the null cells in the cultures. HISFF is distinct from the known T cell-derived interleukins. HISFF functions in an HLA-unrestricted fashion since it can facilitate the synthesis and secretion of immunoglobulins by allogeneic B cells. The null cells cultured with T(M) helper cells and PWM required monocytes in the culture in order to secrete HISFF. Furthermore, B cells cultured with T(M) cells in medium containing HISFF, monocyte-derived factors and PWM nevertheless required monocytes in order to respond to the HISFF signal. Thus, the monocyte plays a pivotal role in the secretion of and response to HISFF. Normal levels of immunoglobulin were synthesized even when HISFF was added to the cultures of B cells, T(M) cells and monocytes, in the presence of PWM, as late as day 6 of the 7 day culture. We conclude that the null cells participate in immunoglobulin synthesis by the B cells by secreting a soluble mediator, HISFF, capable of replacing the null cell in the culture; and that the HISFF signal is the last signal received by the B cell before it begins to synthesize and secrete immunoglobulins.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1990|
- immunoglobulin synthesis
- null cells
- secreted replacement factors