Cells and mediators which participate in immunoglobulin synthesis by human mononuclear cells. III. Null cells secrete a factor(s) (human immunoglobulin synthesis/secretion-facilitating factor) that can replace the null cells in the synthesis of immunoglobulin by cultured B cells

S. Taylor, C. A. Jodouin, M. Richter*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the accompanying communication, it was demonstrated that the null cells, the T(M) cells, monocytes and PWM are all obligatory participants in the synthesis and secretion of immunoglobulins by human B cells in culture. Here we demonstrate that the null cells secrete a factor, referred to as human immunoglobulin synthesis/secretion-facilitating factor (HISFF) that can replace the null cells in the cultures. HISFF is distinct from the known T cell-derived interleukins. HISFF functions in an HLA-unrestricted fashion since it can facilitate the synthesis and secretion of immunoglobulins by allogeneic B cells. The null cells cultured with T(M) helper cells and PWM required monocytes in the culture in order to secrete HISFF. Furthermore, B cells cultured with T(M) cells in medium containing HISFF, monocyte-derived factors and PWM nevertheless required monocytes in order to respond to the HISFF signal. Thus, the monocyte plays a pivotal role in the secretion of and response to HISFF. Normal levels of immunoglobulin were synthesized even when HISFF was added to the cultures of B cells, T(M) cells and monocytes, in the presence of PWM, as late as day 6 of the 7 day culture. We conclude that the null cells participate in immunoglobulin synthesis by the B cells by secreting a soluble mediator, HISFF, capable of replacing the null cell in the culture; and that the HISFF signal is the last signal received by the B cell before it begins to synthesize and secrete immunoglobulins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-135
Number of pages6
JournalClinical and Experimental Immunology
Volume80
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • human
  • immunoglobulin synthesis
  • null cells
  • secreted replacement factors

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