The main aim of this study was to provide new and reliable food composition data on carotenoids and retinol in South Asian Foods for the United Kingdom's national database. A total of 38 commonly consumed foods were analysed using HPLC and accredited methods of analyses. Palak paneer (spinach and soft Indian cheese) contained the highest levels of β-carotene (4066 μg/100. g) followed by gajjeralla (carrot based sweet, 2324 μg/100. g) and saag (mixed green leafy vegetables), which contained 1514 μg/100. g, whilst retinol was present in only a few foods, with ghee being the major source (968 μg/100. g). Meat dishes contained higher amounts of lycopene (up to 1140 μg/100. g in chicken balti) than vegetable or dhal dishes (highest in palak paneer 317 μg/100. g), because of larger quantities of tomatoes used in meat curries. A variety of ethnic vegetables (green leafy vegetables and other coloured vegetables), namely legumes/dhal, tomatoes and coriander, were identified to be the major ingredients containing carotenoids. These new data can be used in future diet and nutrition surveys, as well as to identify carotenoid-rich foods for dietary programs.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Food Composition and Analysis|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2012|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was funded by Food Standards Agency, UK (Project N10038 ) and was carried out in collaboration with EuroFIR Network of Excellence Consortium (funded under the FP6 “ Food Quality and Safety Programme ”, contract No. FP6-513944 ). The authors would like to acknowledge the specific input of Eurofins Laboratories Ltd. And LGC Ltd., UK for analysis; Isabel Castanheira, National Institute of Health, Lisbon, Portugal for uncertainty measurement; and Christina Moyle and Penelope Gilbert for sampling.
- Food analysis
- Food composition
- Food composition databank
- Food data management
- South asian foods and indian foods