The ability of three normal and one radiosensitive Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) human cell lines to rejoin restriction endonuclease-induced double-stranded (ds) DNA scissions was investigated using gene-transfer techniques with recombinant plasmid as target DNA. The results of cellular experiments using gene transfer frequencies as a measure of DNA rejoining strongly suggested that the A-T cell line had a greatly elevated frequency of misrepair of double-stranded DNA scissions. Southern blot analysis of DNA from plasmid-transformed cells confirmed this and further suggested that the misrepair in the A-T cell line took the form of large deletions and/or rearrangements at or around the scission. We postulate a disequilibrium in A-T between rejoining and exonuclease digestion of DNA termini as a possible basis for the misrepair and discuss this mechanism in relation to the major clinical features of the disease.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Molecular biology & medicine|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1986|
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