In recent years, the known distribution of vector-borne diseases in Europe has changed, with much new information also available now on the status of vectors in the United Kingdom (UK). For example, in 2016, the UK reported their first detection of the non-native mosquito Aedes albopictus, which is a known vector for dengue and chikungunya virus. In 2010, Culex modestus, a principal mosquito vector for West Nile virus was detected in large numbers in the Thames estuary. For tick-borne diseases, data on the changing distribution of the Lyme borreliosis tick vector, Ixodes ricinus, has recently been published, at a time when there has been an increase in the numbers of reported human cases of Lyme disease. This paper brings together the latest surveillance data and pertinent research on vector-borne disease in the UK, and its relevance to public health. It highlights the need for continued vector surveillance systems to monitor our native mosquito and tick fauna, as well as the need to expand surveillance for invasive species. It illustrates the importance of maintaining surveillance capacity that is sufficient to ensure accurate and timely disease risk assessment to help mitigate the UK’s changing emerging infectious disease risks, especially in a time of climatic and environmental change and increasing global connectivity.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: JMM and SL are partly funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Health Protection Research Unit (HPRU) on Emerging and Zoonotic Infections at the University of Liverpool in partnership with Research Unit (HPRU) on Emerging and Zoonotic Infections at the University of Liverpool in partnership with Public Health England and the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine. JMM, KMH and ELG are partly funded Cbyh athneg Ne aatnidonHaleIanltshtitautteth feorL Honeadlothn RSecsheoaorlcho f(NHIyHgRie)n Hee&altThr oPproictaelctMioendRiceisneearinchp Uarntint e(rHshPiRpUw) iinthEPnuvbirloicnmHeeanlttahl Change and Health at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine in partnership with Public Health England (PHE), and in collaboration with the University of Exeter, University College London, and the Met Office.
© 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
- Vector-borne disease