A roadmap for a European extraterrestrial sample curation facility - the EURO CARES project

Caroline L. Smith, Sara S. Russell, Aurore Hutzler, Andrea Meneghin, John Robert Brucato, Petra Rettberg, Stefano Leuko, Andrea Longobardo, Fabrizio Dirri, Ernesto Palomba, Alessandra Rotundi, Ludovic Ferrière, Allan Bennett, Thomas Pottage, Luigi Folco, Vinciane Debaille, Jérôme Aléon, Matthieu Gounelle, Yves Marrocchi, Ian A. FranchiFrances Westall, Jutta Zipfel, Frédéric Foucher, Lucy Berthoud, John Vrublevskis, John C. Bridges, John Holt, Monica M. Grady

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Sample return missions are among the most exciting space missions, providing both scientifically unique information and an unparalleled mechanism for the inspiring the public. Returned samples allow us to make critical ground truth measurements that can calibrate remote sensing measurements from spacecraft. Some scientific studies can only be done in laboratories rather than remotely or with landed spacecraft. Currently Europe does not have a facility suitable for the curation of returned extra-terrestrial samples. This not only hinders European Space Agency (ESA) missions, but also renders European institutions and Principal Investigators unable to fully participate as equal participants in missions implemented by other countries. The EURO CARES project was the first European attempt to review and evaluate the current state-of-the-art in curatorial practice for sample return missions, and determine the different and necessary steps in order to create a fully functional European Extra-terrestrial Sample Curation Facility to match the ESA requirements.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSample Return Missions
Subtitle of host publicationThe Last Frontier of Solar System Exploration
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)9780128183304
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Curation
  • Escf
  • Euro-cares
  • Roadmap
  • Sample return missions


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