A local human Vδ1 T cell population is associated with survival in nonsmall-cell lung cancer

TRACERx Consortium

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Abstract

Murine tissues harbor signature γδ T cell compartments with profound yet differential impacts on carcinogenesis. Conversely, human tissue-resident γδ cells are less well defined. In the present study, we show that human lung tissues harbor a resident Vδ1 γδ T cell population. Moreover, we demonstrate that Vδ1 T cells with resident memory and effector memory phenotypes were enriched in lung tumors compared with nontumor lung tissues. Intratumoral Vδ1 T cells possessed stem-like features and were skewed toward cytolysis and helper T cell type 1 function, akin to intratumoral natural killer and CD8+ T cells considered beneficial to the patient. Indeed, ongoing remission post-surgery was significantly associated with the numbers of CD45RACD27 effector memory Vδ1 T cells in tumors and, most strikingly, with the numbers of CD103+ tissue-resident Vδ1 T cells in nonmalignant lung tissues. Our findings offer basic insights into human body surface immunology that collectively support integrating Vδ1 T cell biology into immunotherapeutic strategies for nonsmall cell lung cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)696-709
Number of pages14
JournalNature Cancer
Volume3
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
D.B. has consulted for NanoString, reports honoraria from AstraZeneca and has a patent (PCT/GB2020/050221) issued on methods for cancer prognostication. J.R. and M.A.B. have consulted for Achilles Therapeutics. N.M. has stock options in and has consulted for Achilles Therapeutics. N.M. holds European patents relating to targeting neoantigens (PCT/EP2016/059401), identifying patient response to immune checkpoint blockade (PCT/EP2016/071471), determining HLA loss of heterozygosity (PCT/GB2018/052004) and predicting survival rates of patients with cancer (PCT/GB2020/050221). A.H. attended one advisory board for Abbvie, Roche and GRAIL, and reports personal fees from Abbvie, Boehringer Ingelheim, Takeda, AstraZeneca, Daiichi Sankyo, Merck Serono, Merck/MSD, UCB and Roche for delivering general education/training in clinical trials. A.H. owned shares in Illumina and Thermo Fisher Scientific (sold in 2020) and receives fees for membership of Independent Data Monitoring Committees for Roche-sponsored clinical trials. S.A.Q. is co-founder and Chief Scientific Officer of Achilles Therapeutics. A.C.H. is a board member and equity holder in ImmunoQure, AG and Gamma Delta Therapeutics, and is an equity holder in Adaptate Biotherapeutics and chair of the scientific advisory board. C.S. acknowledges grant support from Pfizer, AstraZeneca, Bristol Myers Squibb, Roche-Ventana, Boehringer Ingelheim, Archer Dx Inc (collaboration in minimal residual disease-sequencing technologies) and Ono Pharmaceuticals, is an AstraZeneca Advisory Board member and Chief Investigator for the MeRmaiD1 clinical trial. C.S has consulted for Amgen, AstraZeneca, Bicycle Therapeutics, Bristol Myers Squibb, Celgene, Genentech, GlaxoSmithKline, GRAIL, Illumina, Medixci, Metabomed, MSD, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche-Ventana and Sarah Cannon Research Institute. C.S. has stock options in Apogen Biotechnologies, Epic Biosciences and GRAIL, and has stock options and is co-founder of Achilles Therapeutics. C.S. holds patents relating: to assay technology to detect tumor recurrence (PCT/GB2017/053289); to targeting neoantigens (PCT/EP2016/059401), identifying patent response to immune checkpoint blockade (PCT/EP2016/071471), determining HLA loss of heterozygosity (PCT/GB2018/052004), predicting survival rates of patients with cancer (PCT/GB2020/050221); to treating cancer by targeting Insertion/deletion (indel) mutations (PCT/GB2018/051893); to identifying indel mutation targets (PCT/GB2018/051892); to methods for lung cancer detection (PCT/US2017/028013); and to identifying responders to cancer treatment (PCT/GB2018/051912). The remaining authors declare no competing interests.

Funding Information:
We thank the Oxford Genomics Centre at the Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics (funded by Wellcome Trust grant no. 203141/Z/16/Z) for the generation and initial processing of the RNA-seq data from sorted TILs. We thank S. Bola for technical support and S. Vanloo for administrative support. The GTEx project was supported by the Common Fund of the Office of the Director of the National Institutes of Health, and by the NCI, NHGRI, NHLBI, NIDA, NIMH and NINDS. Y.W. was supported by a Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Career Development Fellowship (no. 220589/Z/20/Z), an Academy of Medical Sciences Starter Grant for Clinical Lecturers, a National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Academic Clinical Lectureship and the NIHR University College London Hospitals Biomedical Research Centre. D.B. was supported by funding from the NIHR University College London Hospitals Biomedical Research Centre, the ideas 2 innovation translation scheme at the Francis Crick Institute, the Breast Cancer Research Foundation (BCRF) and a Cancer Research UK (CRUK) Early Detection and Diagnosis Project award. M.J.H. is a CRUK Fellow and has received funding from CRUK, NIHR, Rosetrees Trust, UKI NETs and the NIHR University College London Hospitals Biomedical Research Centre. C.S. is Royal Society Napier Research Professor. This work was supported by the Francis Crick Institute which receives its core funding from CRUK (no. FC001169), the UK Medical Research Council (no. FC001169) and the Wellcome Trust (no. FC001169). This research was funded in whole, or in part, by the Wellcome Trust (no. FC001169). For the purpose of Open Access, the author has applied a CC BY public copyright license to any Author Accepted Manuscript version arising from this submission. C.S. is funded by CRUK (TRACERx, PEACE and CRUK Cancer Immunotherapy Catalyst Network), CRUK Lung Cancer Centre of Excellence (no. C11496/A30025), the Rosetrees Trust, Butterfield and Stoneygate Trusts, NovoNordisk Foundation (ID16584), Royal Society Professorship Enhancement Award (no. RP/EA/180007), the NIHR Biomedical Research Centre at University College London Hospitals, the CRUK–University College London Centre, Experimental Cancer Medicine Centre and the BCRF. This work was supported by a Stand Up To Cancer‐LUNGevity-American Lung Association Lung Cancer Interception Dream Team Translational Research Grant (grant no. SU2C-AACR-DT23-17 to S. M. Dubinett and A. E. Spira). Stand Up To Cancer is a division of the Entertainment Industry Foundation. Research grants are administered by the American Association for Cancer Research, the Scientific Partner of SU2C. C.S. receives funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (no. FP7/2007-2013) Consolidator Grant (no. FP7-THESEUS-617844), European Commission ITN (no. FP7-PloidyNet 607722), an ERC Advanced Grant (PROTEUS) from the ERC under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (grant no. 835297), and Chromavision from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (grant no. 665233).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s).

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