A decade of spore-forming bacterial infections among european injecting drug users: Pronounced regional variation

Vivian D. Hope*, Norah Palmateer, Lucas Wiessing, Andrea Marongiu, Joanne White, Fortune Ncube, David Goldberg

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The recent anthrax outbreak among injecting drug users (IDUs) in Europe has highlighted an ongoing problem with severe illness resulting from spore-forming bacteria in IDUs. We collated the numbers of cases of 4 bacterial illnesses (botulism, tetanus, Clostridium novyi, and anthrax) in European IDUs for 2000 to 2009 and calculated population rates. Six countries reported 367 cases; rates varied from 0.03 to 7.54 permillion people.Most cases (92%) were reported from 3 neighboring countries: Ireland, Norway, and the United Kingdom. This geographic variation needs investigation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)122-125
    Number of pages4
    JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
    Volume102
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

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