Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The National Collection of Type Cultures (NCTC) was founded in 1920, and to date is regarded as the oldest existing bacterial strain collection in the world that was specifically established to provide microbiologists with a trustworthy source of authenticated bacterial strains. The collection was originally established by the Lister Institute of Preventative medicine in Chelsea (London, UK) and was funded by the Medical Research Committee, which became the Medical Research Council. The collection grew rapidly from its conception, and in its first 100 years, the NCTC has supplied approximately 500 000 bacterial strains to scientists all over the world. Although the remit has evolved over the past 100 years, the NCTC now has a very strong clinical focus and accepts bacterial strains of either medical or veterinary significance.